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Best Schools for Mechanical Engineering Degree | University Ranking

Interested in studying from top mechanical engineering schools and institutes in the world? We have compiled a list of best mechanical engin...

Best Schools for Mechanical Engineering Degree | University Ranking

Interested in studying from top mechanical engineering schools and institutes in the world? We have compiled a list of best mechanical engineering universities for guidance of students across the globe. An engineering university is incomplete without offering a degree in mechanical engineering. With all this advancement and latest technology in the field of engineering, ranking of universities is established worldwide based on certain factors and score including academic reputation, faculty student ratio, employer reputation, alumni stats, citations in research papers, international faculty, international students, quality assurance, community development, finance and facilities, lab infrastructure, international awards, and various other factors. Key performance indicators (KPIs) are developed for assessment of institutes for ranking of best mechanical engineering universities all over the world.



We have categorized best mechanical engineering schools and universities based on their rankings in their region. Students will find this list useful for their admissions and guideline. This list of best mechanical engineering universities has been prepared based on recent data collection in the year 2020.

Region/ Country Wise Ranking of Mechanical Engineering Institutes

North America | Asia | Latin America | Europe | Oceania | Africa


North America


North America has the privilege to host worlds top two mechanical engineering schools with MIT at number one ranking and Stanford university at number two ranking. Some of the world’s best mechanical engineering universities located in North America are ranked as following:

  1. Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), United States
  2. Stanford University, United States
  3. Harvard University, United States
  4. University of California, Berkeley (UCB), United States
  5. University of Michigan, United States
  6. Georgia Institute of Technology, United States
  7. California Institute of Technology (Caltech), United States
  8. University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA), United States
  9. McGill University, Canada
  10. Purdue University, United States
  11. Northwestern University, United States
  12. University of Toronto, Canada
  13. Princeton University, United States
  14. Cornell University, United States
  15. University of Texas, United States
  16. Carnegie Mellon University, United States
  17. Columbia University, United States
  18. Duke University, United States
  19. Johns Hopkins University, United States
  20. The Ohio State University, United States
  21. Pennsylvania State University, United States
  22. Texas A&M University, United States
  23. University of British Columbia, Canada
  24. University of California, San Diego (UCSD), United States
  25. University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, United States


Asia


Singapore takes the lead in mechanical engineering institutes in Asia region. With Nanyang Technological University, Singapore (NTU) ranked among top 10 colleges for mechanical engineering degree. A list of universities offering degrees in mechanical engineering is as following (ordered in ranking):

  1. Nanyang Technological University, Singapore (NTU)
  2. Tsinghua University, China
  3. National University of Singapore (NUS), Singapore
  4. The University of Tokyo, Japan
  5. Peking University, China (Mainland)
  6. Shanghai Jiao Tong University, China (Mainland)
  7. KAIST - Korea Advanced Institute of Science & Technology, South Korea
  8. Seoul National University, South Korea
  9. The Hong Kong University of Science and Technology, Hong Kong SAR
  10. Tohoku University, Japan
  11. The University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong SAR
  12. Fudan University, China (Mainland)
  13. Sungkyunkwan University (SKKU), South Korea
  14. National Taiwan University (NTU), Taiwan
  15. Kyoto University LogoKyoto University, Japan
  16. Tokyo Institute of Technology (Tokyo Tech), Japan
  17. Beihang University (former BUAA), China (Mainland)
  18. City University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong SAR
  19. Hanyang University, South Korea
  20. Harbin Institute of Technology, China (Mainland)
  21. Huazhong University of Science and Technology, China (Mainland)
  22. Indian Institute of Technology Bombay (IITB), India
  23. Indian Institute of Technology Delhi (IITD), India
  24. Indian Institute of Technology Madras (IITM), India
  25. Korea University, South Korea


Latin America


Ranking of best mechanical engineering institutes in Latin America is given below:

  1. Universidade de São Paulo, Brazil
  2. Tecnológico de Monterrey, Mexico
  3. Universidade Estadual de Campinas (Unicamp), Brazil
  4. Instituto Politécnico Nacional (IPN), Mexico
  5. Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile (UC), Chile
  6. Universidad de Buenos Aires (UBA), Argentina
  7. Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México (UNAM), Mexico
  8. Universidad de Chile, Chile
  9. Universidad de los Andes, Colombia
  10. Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Colombia
  11. Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina, Brazil
  12. Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
  13. Pontifícia Universidade Católica do Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
  14. UNESP, Brazil
  15. Universidade Federal de São Carlos (UFSCAR), Brazil
  16. Universidad de Concepción, Chile
  17. Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais, Brazil
  18. Universidade Federal do Rio Grande Do Sul, Brazil
  19. Universidad Autónoma de Nuevo León, Mexico
  20. Universidad de Antioquia, Colombia
  21. Universidad Simón Bolívar (USB), Venezuela
  22. Universidad Técnica Federico Santa María (USM), Chile
  23. Universidad EAFIT, Colombia


Europe


Europe is a hot target for potential students interested in mechanical engineering degree. University of Cambridge is ranked among top 3 best mechanical engineering colleges in the world.

  1. University of Cambridge, United Kingdom
  2. Delft University of Technology, Netherlands
  3. Politecnico di Milano, Italy
  4. University of Oxford, United Kingdom
  5. Imperial College London, United Kingdom
  6. ETH Zurich - Swiss Federal Institute of Technology, Switzerland
  7. EPFL - Ecole Polytechnique Federale de Lausanne LogoEPFL, Switzerland
  8. RWTH Aachen University, Germany
  9. Technical University of Munich, Germany
  10. KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Sweden
  11. KU Leuven, Belgium
  12. Politecnico di Torino, Italy
  13. The University of Manchester, United Kingdom
  14. Universität Stuttgart, Germany
  15. KIT, Karlsruhe Institute of Technology, Germany
  16. Cranfield University, United Kingdom
  17. Technische Universität Berlin (TU Berlin), Germany
  18. Eindhoven University of Technology, Netherlands
  19. Universidad Politécnica de Madrid, Spain
  20. CentraleSupélec, France
  21. Chalmers University of Technology, Sweden
  22. Ecole Polytechnique, France
  23. Lomonosov Moscow State University, Russia
  24. Loughborough University, United Kingdom
  25. Lund University, Sweden


Oceania


Mechanical engineering degrees offered by various universities in Australia are highly valued all over the world due to the quality of their faculties and alumni working in leading companies all over the world.

  1. Monash University, Australia
  2. The University of Melbourne, Australia
  3. The University of New South Wales (UNSW Sydney), Australia
  4. The University of Sydney, Australia
  5. The Australian National University, Australia
  6. RMIT University, Australia
  7. The University of Auckland, New Zealand
  8. The University of Queensland, Australia
  9. The University of Western Australia, Australia
  10. The University of Adelaide, Australia
  11. University of Technology Sydney, Australia
  12. Curtin University, Australia
  13. Deakin University, Australia
  14. University of Wollongong, Australia
  15. Queensland University of Technology (QUT), Australia
  16. University of South Australia, Australia
  17. Swinburne University of Technology, Australia
  18. University of Canterbury, New Zealand
  19. The University of Newcastle, Australia (UON), Australia
  20. Auckland University of Technology (AUT), New Zealand
  21. University of Southern Queensland, Australia


Africa


  1. University of Cape Town, South Africa
  2. Cairo University, Egypt
  3. Stellenbosch University, South Africa
  4. University of Pretoria, South Africa
  5. Ain Shams University, Egypt
  6. The American University in Cairo, Egypt
  7. University of Johannesburg, South Africa
  8. University of Witwatersrand, South Africa
  9. Alexandria University, Egypt


Best Mechanical Engineering Schools

As we enter a new digital era, mechanical engineers will need to accommodate and evolve their design skills, both in a virtual reality environment or using live system data. And it all begins with the school you graduate from. Graduates from some of the best mechanical engineering schools are leading top industries in different sectors all over the world.

Mechanical engineering has been creating headlines with discoveries around the world for centuries, as can be observed throughout history. There's the steam engine, medieval clocks, the chariot, and space flight facilities.

There are numerous options when it comes to studying at the best mechanical engineering schools around the world. Some of these universities have helped shape the world.

1. Stanford University (USA)

Stanford University is famous around the world for several reasons, and they don’t disappoint when it comes to mechanical engineering degree. Their programs offer courses in; 
  • Nano- and micro-mechanics
  • Propulsion
  • Sensing and control
  • Computational simulation
  • Solid and fluid dynamics
  • Micro-electromechanical systems (MEMS) and biomechanical engineering.


Stanford University wouldn’t reach such a high place on our list if it weren’t one of the most innovative mechanical schools.

2. Massachusetts Institute of Technology (USA)

Twenty-one of the top schools in mechanical engineering leads to the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT). It offers breakthroughs such as the concept of a disruptive universe, radar development, or the invention of magnetic core memory.


Their department of mechanical engineering is the best. Their work on the most daunting and innovative projects of natural waterproofing fabrics and completely revolutionizing everyday products with artificial intelligence.

As you can see, MIT is focused on what's now and what's next. They have developed 3D printed colloidal crystals that can print precise structures, furniture manufactured within minutes, as well as glass as production material, and many more projects. We are sure that we will hear more about MIT's 3D printed projects.

3. University of Cambridge (UK)

Placed at the 3rd rank on the podium of our list of the best mechanical engineering schools is a 700-years-old British University of Cambridge. There are many directions to guide young minds in their education: from math, physics, computer science to engineers. All those aspects of learning are combined to deliver the best results.


Their mechanical engineering programs concentrate not only on the most critical fields like;

  • Material science, 
  • Mechanics 
  • Robotics
They also encourage teamwork, problem-solving strategies, and creativity. By reaching our ranking to the top 3, it’s pretty evident that the University of Cambridge is interested in Additive Manufacturing.

4. The University of Michigan (USA)

The University of Michigan offers a variety of engineering technologies for expertise, such as hybrid vehicles, nanotechnology manufacturing, bio-mechanics, engineering acoustics, polymer mechanics, advanced energy solutions, and many more. 


The University has a department dedicated just to mechanical engineering with 150 years of experience. The University of Michigan owns a 3D printing lab. They offer guided 3D printing services to help people who are new to the world of additive manufacturing and event production.

5. Nanyang Technological University (Singapore)

Nanyang Technological University based in Singapore. The university believes that the best mechanical engineering degree is one that generates wealth in the world. It starts with the gadgets or devices people use every day – phones, cars, etc.


The School of MAE offers a Master of Science (MSc) by coursework graduate programs specializing in strategic, modern fields of engineering. 

NTU programs by area of interest:

  • Mechanical engineering
  • Mechanical engineering with a major in business
  • Mechatronics interfacing systems
  • Mechatronics system design
  • Manufacturing engineering

The School of mechanical engineering, one of the three groundbreaking schools of Nanyang Technological University, stand firm on the fundamental of mechanical and aerospace engineering while continuing to break new Grounds in teaching and research. 

What is Additive Manufacturing?

Additive manufacturing refers to a process by which digital 3D design data is used to build up a component in layers by depositing material. The term "3D Printing" is increasingly used as a synonym for Additive Manufacturing. However, the later is more accurate in that it describes a professional production technique which is clearly distinguished from conventional methods of material removal.

Additive vs Subtractive Manufacturing

  • In subtractive manufacturing we start with stock and remove material to get the net shape (traditional machining).
  • In additive manufacturing we start with nothing and add material to get the net shape.

In additive manufacturing, 3D objects are built by adding material in layer upon layer fashion. Materials ranging from plastics, thermoplastics, ceramics, biochemicals, metals, and concrete can be used for production in this sector. Even work is under process to develop human tissues using additive manufacturing techniques.

Following processes are involved in any AM technology:
  1. A CAD sketch is produced using a computer 3D modeling software
  2. The AM equipment is used to read this data from CAD file
  3. The AM equipment layd down successive layers of material which is to be used for fabrication of the product (this may include liquid, powder, sheet material or others).
3D printing, rapid prototyping, layered manufacturing, direct digital manufacturing and additive fabrication are all subsets of additive manufacturing.

Additive manufacturing technology is being actively used in the industry ranging from aerospace, automotive, healthcare and product development.

Categories of Additive Manufacturing

Binder Jetting: Liquid bonding agent selectively deposited to join powder
Material Jetting: Droplets of build material selectively deposited
Powder Bed Fusion: Thermal energy selectively fuses regions of powder bed
Directed Energy Deposition: Focused thermal energy melts materials as deposited
Sheet Lamination: Sheets of material bonded together
Vat Photo-polymerization: Liquid photo-polymer selectively cured by light activation
Material Extrusion: Material selectively dispensed through nozzle or orifice

The eight steps in Additive Manufacturing (process chain):

  1. Conceptualization and CAD
  2. Conversion to STL
  3. Transfer and manipulation of STL file on AM machine
  4. Machine setup
  5. Build
  6. Part removal and cleanup
  7. Post processing of part
  8. Application

10 Reasons to fall in love with mechanical engineers

10 reasons to fall in love with mechanical engineers – do you know why smart girls prefer dating a mechanical engineer? Mechanical engineers are some of the best people to date with. A good sense of logic, better salary, better communication, extra technical knowledge about almost everything makes a mechanical engineer a perfect guy to date. If you are looking forward to fall in love with a mechanical engineer as a boyfriend, husband or even father; here are the top reasons to justify your selection:

Read more here: Are engineers favorite among girls? In this survey more than 90% women said that they love to date engineers.

Mechanical Engineers are Logical ….
You cannot expect fights over illogical things. Only things they discuss are logical. Throughout their education program and career, mechanical engineers are trained to be logical and to the point. That means all conflicts and fights will be resolved with peace a lot faster than you expected.

Mechanical Engineers can fix anything ….
When you have a mechanical engineer in your circles, you need not to worry about minor repair works in your home or office. They have a solution to every problem. They know how to fix broken items as well as broken hearts.

Mechanical Engineers know how to pull all-nighters ….
Mechanical engineers know how to stay up throughout the night. Whether it comes to all night talks, all night love, all night adventure, all night movies, all night games or all night combined study. They are trained to do this. Hectic quizzes and exams make them expert in all this.

Mechanical Engineers don’t know how cool they are ….
Mechanical engineers spend their college years and career years with men telling each other that they don’t deserve pretty delicate girls. So, if you are planning to date a mechanical engineer, a small compliment from you about his personality will do the best and he will fall in love forever with you.

Mechanical Engineers best know the lube work ….
Mechanical engineering is all about lubrications, reduced frictions, smooth flows etc. For any mature couple in love, these terms are not naive. Mechanical engineers know when and where they have to exert pressure, how much lubrication is required for smooth flow, and what frequency will bring more pleasure.

Mechanical Engineers love challenges ….
If ever in your life, you come under a situation requiring strict timelines, pressure and stressful situations, don’t hesitate to take help from your mechanical engineer.

Mechanical Engineers are good gamblers ….
You know why mechanical engineers are taught statistics at engineering schools? To make them good gamblers in future. They are good at mathematics. So, next time you are going to a casino, take your mechanical engineer with you.

Mechanical Engineers are expert in finance ….
They are not only trained to handle pressures, stress, lube jobs, but they are also expert in handling cash. When you are with a mechanical engineer, you have nothing to worry about money.

Mechanical Engineers are statuesque ….
They are graceful, elegant and intelligent. Falling in love with a mechanical engineer is just so cool.

Mechanical Engineers understand nerdy jokes ….
In contradiction to many other men, mechanical engineers love to hear nerdy jokes. They will love to hear about friction you are facing while making love, they will love to learn about gravitational pull between both of you.

Subjects offered in mechanical engineering

Which subjects and courses are taught to undergraduate mechanical engineering students? As a pre-requisite, mechanical engineering students are required to study basic physics and mathematics courses at school level. During four year undergraduate study program, mechanical engineering students are required to study various subjects of sciences, linguistics, humanities and management. Fundamental subjects of mechanical engineering can be classified into following categories:
  1. Basic Engineering Courses (Core Subjects/ Optional Subjects)
  2. Design and Manufacturing
  3. Humanities/ Linguistics
  4. Management
  5. Labs and Workshops
  6. Summer Internship
Science subjects can be divided into two categories i.e. core subjects and optional subjects. Following subjects are taught to mechanical engineers in this category:

Electronics/ Electrical Courses: To be a successful mechanical engineer, you must have basic knowledge of all aligned disciplines of engineering.

Engineering Mechanics (Statics, Dynamics): Mechanics is the study of forces and their effects on bodies in motion or bodies at rest.

Mechanics of Solids, Stress Analysis: This course introduces students to the fundamental principles and methods of structural mechanics.

Thermodynamics: This subject deals primarily with equilibrium properties of macroscopic systems, basic thermodynamics, chemical equilibrium of reactions in gas and solution phase, and rates of chemical reactions.

Fluid Mechanics: Study of fluids and their properties (force, viscosity, density etc) with respect to engineering application.

Theory of Machines: Theory of Machines deals with the study of relative motion between the various parts of machine, and forces which act on them.

Heat Transfer: Deals with complete study of heat transfer (including radiation, convection and conduction)

Engineering Design, Machine Design: The course in Machine Design help mechanical engineering students understand the fundamentals of designing the most commonly used parts, elements and units of machines and products.

Manufacturing Technology: Gives mechanical engineers introduction about manufacturing basics including manufacturing processes, equipment/control, systems, and design.

Mechanical Vibrations: This course deals with the study of vibration in mechanical systems which is concerned with the oscillatory motions of bodies and the forces associated with vibrations.

System Dynamics and Control: The course addresses dynamic systems, i.e., systems that evolve with time. Typically these systems have inputs and outputs.

CAD/CAM (Computer Aided Design/ Computer Aided Manufacturing): Mechanical engineers are trained to design and manufacture mechanical parts using computers.

Introduction to Automobile Engg: In this subject mechanical engineers are taught basics of automobiles including IC Engines, Vehicle Design, Air Dynamics etc)

Introduction to Finite Element: This course is an introduction to the finite element method as applicable to a range of problems in physics and engineering sciences.

Introduction to Computational Fluid Dynamics: Computational fluid dynamics is an important tool to investigate fluid flow problems in industry and academia.

Gas Dynamics: The course introduces compressible flow and its constitutive equations.

Refrigeration & Air-conditioning: Mechanical engineers studying this course get basic knowledge of air conditioning and refrigerants used.

Power Plants: This course offers detailed study about power generation including wind turbines, renewable energy resources, gas turbines, energy from water, coal powered power plants, nuclear power plants and solar energy etc)

I.C. Engines: Study of Engines, design of engines, study of working pressure and temperature inside engine’s cylinder.

Energy Management & Conservation: Energy conservation the most important thing than energy generation.

Robotics: The courses build towards a capstone in which you will learn how to program a robot to perform a variety of movements.

Design and manufacturing: These subjects help mechanical engineering students in understanding basic principle of drawing and design. This includes manual drawings as well as computer based drawings.

Humanities/ Linguistics courses: These courses are taught to improve technical writing and report writing skills.

Management Courses: Management courses are integral part of mechanical engineering degree. A good mechanical engineer ought to be a good manager as well. Without management skills, a mechanical engineer will completely fail in team work. These management subjects are taught to mechanical engineers in undergraduate degrees:
  • Operation Management
  • Industrial Safety
  • Total Quality Management
  • Maintenance Management
  • Project Management
Topic wise knowledge of basic concepts of mechanical engineering gives more detailed information about mechanical engineering courses.

Specializations offered in Mechanical Engineering

What are the specializations offered in mechanical engineering? Every engineering degree comes with a variety of areas of specialization. Students in their last year of study (i.e. after 6th semester), have to opt certain optional subjects based on their area of interest. These subjects build the baseline for specialization area. Not all engineering degrees offer detailed technical education about each and every aspect of related technology. Only basic courses related to all areas of specializations are taught to mechanical engineers so that they get a basic understanding of all subjects.

Talking specifically about areas of specialization in mechanical engineering, let us first understand what mechanical engineering students are taught during four years of undergraduate degree program. It all starts from some basic courses of physics and mathematics. After you graduate with a degree in mechanical engineering, you just have a basic understanding and information about so many subjects that will be enough for you to prosper in any specialized field of work related to mechanical engineering.

Fluid Mechanics or Hydraulics: Mechanical engineers who find themselves interested in fluids and hydraulics, opt for specialization in fluid mechanics or hydraulics. This specialization course enables mechanical engineers to work in industries like dams, irrigation, agriculture and hydraulics.
 
Materials Engineering: Materials play a vital role in product development and innovation. New composite materials are being developed as per requirement of products. A basic degree in mechanical engineering combined with specialization in materials engineering gives an edge to those engineers who find themselves inclined towards production, research and manufacturing.
 
Nanotechnology: Nanomaterials are the next big thing. They are being used in every sector from health industry to robotics etc. This is little advanced specialization than materials engineering.
 
Biomedical Engineering: Biomedical engineering (BME) is the study of engineering principles and design procedures to medicine and biology for healthcare purposes (e.g. diagnostic or therapeutic).
 
Heat Transfer, Thermodynamics, and Energy Systems: In this area of specialization, principles of thermodynamics, and heat transfer (conduction, convection, and radiation) are taught in detail. Thermodynamics, heat transfer and fluid mechanics are closely related to each other.
 
Automobiles: Mechanical engineers who specialize in automobiles after basic degree in mechanical engineering are taught subjects related to IC Engines, heat transfer, fluid mechanics, power generation, Electric motors, automobile design, Engines etc.
 
Robotics, Automation & Control: As the name is very obvious, students inclined towards robots opt for subjects related to robotics, automation and control. This is a specialized field of mechanical engineering which requires knowledge and understanding of computer languages as well as basic electronics.
 
Transportation Systems: Courses in transportation systems enable mechanical engineers in understanding modern systems introduced in bullet trains, metro trains, aviation, airplanes etc.
 
Engineering Design: Mechanical engineers with specialization in engineering design are required in industries which required designing new products at large scale. This includes consultants, design firms, and contractors etc.
 
HVAC: Heat, Ventilation and Air Conditioning (HVAC) deals with installation of large scale air conditioning in multi-story buildings, factories, mines etc.
 
Oil and Gas: Oil and gas sector deals with exploration of oil and gas fields etc. This is highly paid specialization in mechanical engineering due to onsite tough nature of the job. Specialization in oil and gas after degree in mechanical engineering is quite rewarding these days.
 
Nuclear Energy: Mechanical engineers who are employed by nuclear sector are sent on training and educational programs with specialization in nuclear energy.
 
Marine Engineering: Some mechanical engineers opt to study marine engineering after basic degree in mechanical engineering.
 
Learn more about courses taught in mechanical engineering and basic concepts of mechanical engineering to understand things in detail.

Job Description of a Mechanical Engineer

What is job description of a mechanical engineer? What are job responsibilities, day to day tasks, duties and responsibilities of a mechanical engineer? A job description (JD) is a formal document containing brief information about mechanical engineer’s responsibilities.

Job description of mechanical engineers vary from industry to industry. For example, JD of a mechanical engineer working in automobile sector will be completely different from an engineer working in energy sector. In this era of automation, mechanical engineers play a pivotal role in growth of a company specially related to manufacturing. Typical job description of a mechanical engineer includes:
  • Design and manufacturing of new products.
  • Supervision of team of technicians.
  • Adherence to mechanical engineering standards, health and safety standards etc. Compliance of government regulations.
  • Writing training manuals, technical reports, handbooks and bulletins for products or engineering operations to help other team members understand the basics.
  • Preparation of feasibility reports for new projects and products based on historical data etc.
  • Assessing project requirements or operational requirements for setting up new projects or expansion of current operations.
  • Measuring performance of mechanical components, processes and products. Keeping log of all observations and necessary maintenance requirements.
  • Calculation of budgeting, estimates, forecasts, financial calculations, projections, sales forecasts, return on investments, payback periods etc.
  • Using CAD software and techniques for design improvements.
  • Planning procurement of different components of a project.
  • Testing, evaluating and modification of products.
  • A mechanical engineer should be well versed in project management tools including MS Project, primavera etc.
  • To perform scheduled maintenance of mechanical products, machinery and equipment
  • Keeping record and maintaining log of all mechanical instruments in use
  • Extracting useful information from large data sets related to different products based on feedback or consumption history of customers
This job description for a mechanical engineer is very generic in nature. Modifications can be done accordingly as per requirements. Key skills required for mechanical engineers along with above mentioned job description are:
  • Technical report writing skills
  • Presentation skills
  • Problem solving skills
  • Creativity and innovation
  • Interpersonal skills
  • Verbal and written communication skills
  • Knowledge of current and latest practices in mechanical engineering industry
  • Information about computer aided design and manufacturing
  • Planning and design skills
  • Project management skills
I hope this job description of mechanical engineers gives you an idea about responsibilities, day to day tasks and duties of mechanical engineer. Learn more about basic concepts of mechanical engineering before you start applying for mechanical engineering degree.

Scope of Mechanical Engineering Degree

What is the scope of mechanical engineering degree? This is the most challenging question revolving in student’s mind when he is struggling to choose a field of study in engineering. The question is how do we define the term “scope”. For many students, scope is:
  • Likelihoods of getting a job soon after graduation
  • A salary offer above median/ average salary of engineers
  • No. of jobs in industry for mechanical engineers
  • Career prospects after graduation
  • Promotions and career growth in mechanical engineering
  • Future scope of the degree in mechanical engineering
  • Demand in the industry for mechanical engineers
With advancement in technology and research, scope of mechanical engineering is increasing rapidly. This is an age of inter-disciplinary skills. Mechanical engineers have focused their research on nano-materials, composite materials, nano-technology, biomedical application and environmental conservation etc. 

There goes a famous saying about mechanical engineering that it is an evergreen field of engineering. There is no industry which can prosper without presence of mechanical engineers. Scope of mechanical engineering is unlimited. It is one of the oldest branch of engineering. I would explain above mentioned measures of scope in a bit detail.

Likelihoods of getting a job soon after graduation: This does not only depend on a degree. It depends on your skills, extracurricular activities, institute where you are getting degree from, presentation and communication skills etc. A company is always looking for an engineer with dynamic personality, good communication and interpersonal skills, an engineer with ideas and innovation.

Salary Offer: Now this is tricky and matters for those who know how to negotiate salary in interview. But I can bet that mechanical engineers get much better salary offers than other fields of study. Mechanical Engineers earn a median salary of $83,590 per year. Salaries typically start from $53,640 and go up to $128,430. (These figures have been quoted with respect to facts of United States). Entry-level mechanical engineers holding bachelor's degrees earned average annual starting salaries of $61,300, according to the National Association of Colleges and Employers' Spring 2012 Salary Survey. NACE reported that mechanical engineers with a master's degree started at an average of $75,700 - significantly more than the average starting salary of mechanical engineers with a bachelor's degree.

No. of jobs for mechanical engineers in industry: Just forget about this. There are plenty of jobs for mechanical engineers. They are in high demand all over the world. There are only a few countries where mechanical industry has almost vanished or it didn’t prosper as much as it must have done. Once you have graduated with a degree in mechanical engineering, you have so many options and industries to work in. Ranging from manufacturing, power generation, construction, energy, transportation, automobile, beverages, pharmaceutical, agricultural, IT and other industries.

Promotions and career growth in mechanical engineering: Career growth in mechanical engineering is faster compared to many other fields of study. There are not many graduates with mechanical engineering degree. This gives a boost to the scope of mechanical engineering. I don’t know any mechanical engineer with bad views of job prospects.

Options After DME Diploma in Mechanical Engineering

What I can do after getting diploma in mechanical engineering i.e. DME. I have been writing articles helping mechanical engineers since last many years. This is the most common question asked by students of diploma courses: What to do after diploma in ME? This is a very simple yet very complex question for fresh graduates with a diploma in hand and no job offers at all. I have seen students worrying their future. They are always confused between two options i.e. further education (Btech) or job. I recommend only further education at this stage. Option of job is for those who cannot afford further fee etc. They can get support from a part time/ full time job.

Here are few options after diploma in mechanical engineering (DME):

  1. With a diploma in mechanical engineering, you can get few more certifications. For example, in Design(AutoCAD), Solar energy, Biogas, Waste to energy, Food Processing, Plant Maintenance, Marine sciences, Defense Technologies, Automobile, Industrial boilers, Heat exchangers, Oil Exploration, Plumbing works, HVAC, Quality Control, Quality inspection, HSE (Health and Safety), ISO standards, Pressure Vessel Design, Project Management, Risk analysis, TQM, Costing analysis, Risk Mitigation, HR Management, Procurement, Industrial design etc. These fields can be opted on basis of interest/ aptitude. It will definitely increase your chances of placement with a better pay after diploma in ME.
  2. If you are financially strong and have no problems in paying for Btech/ BE after diploma in mechanical. Then there is no better option than this. Because once you are a full time engineer, you enter into a completely different world with new horizon of job opportunities.
  3. Third option is of job for few years and then Btech or BE. But personally, I do not recommend this option. Because you will waste your initial experience of job. Industry will look at you as a fresh graduate after BE. They will usually not consider your past experience.
  4. Another option is for hardworking diploma holders. They can go for job along-with studies. It is hectic but very suitable for those who have financial problems. They can easily manage to pay for their educational expense after getting diploma in mechanical engineering (DME).
Options are not limited for people engaged in technical sector. A diploma holder cannot be compared with a graduate in general arts subjects. Technical knowledge always gives you an edge over other qualifications. I have seen people doing diploma in engineering and then further courses and certifications enable them to earn more than engineers from field jobs like offshore oil exploration, trenching, marine works, defense work etc. Career after engineering/ btech/ diploma depends only on your hard work. Even BE engineers have to look for new ways/ certifications for promotions or better job options.

How to negotiate salary during interview?

How to negotiate salary during interview and how much salary should be demanded by a mechanical engineer is the most perplexing question in minds of all engineers when they have been shortlisted for a job/ position. These things are learned over time. I received many queries from fresh engineering graduates to provide basic guidelines on how to assess salary demand for a particular job. Here I have divided these guidelines in two portions. One for experienced professionals and job seekers with past experience and one section with guidelines for fresh graduates seeking their first job.

Expected salary for experienced engineers with past experience:

  • Never settle below your current salary.
  • Your current salary includes all net cash that you receive each month, provident funds, medical facilities, fuel/ vehicle etc and whatever other facilities you are getting. Convert your facilities into cash form and this becomes your actual monthly value that you are getting at this stage.
  • Always add one annual increment to your current salary. Because there are high chances that you will not get first annual increment at your new job (if you have not completed six months till December of that particular year). Mostly this practice prevails in all HR departments. So you can tell this to your prospective employer that if you stay at your current job, this much increment you will be receiving at end of the year.
  • Always try to get salary ranges/ salary insights from current employees of the company. Being an engineer, you can always find a link inside all companies. There might be a senior of your engineering college or your junior already working in that company. Even if you do not have a college fellow, you can easily arrange a meeting with any employee of the company to discuss salary ranges for engineers for a particular post.

Expected salary for fresh engineers:

  • If you are a fresh engineer with no past experience, then situation is a bit different. You do not have past experience. Usually employers exploit this situation and offer lesser salaries quoting your inexperience as the main cause of lesser salary. You have to counter this wisely.
  • Always try to get insights from employees already working in that department on how much salary is being offered to engineers in that department.
  • Never settle below a minimum ethical wage for engineers. I cannot quote a figure/ amount here. Because minimum ethical salary varies from country to country. You have to assess that minimum level. For example salary of an engineer with four years degree cannot be equal to the salary of a diploma holder/ technician.
  • Never set your mind on too much high demands that employers find it difficult to select you. Be humble and set your focus on getting experience. But in lure of this humbleness, do not set you salary demands too low that it becomes difficult for you to get out of this vicious cycle.
  • Always remember that once you start your first job with lesser salary, employers at other job interviews will not offer you a bigger jump. They will always consider your previous salary. So keep this thing in mind. There are rare cases where employee get good salary jumps during job switching.
I hope this article helps you decide how much salary should be demanded in an interview. If you have any questions in mind, post your queries in comments. Good luck for your interview. Read more about interview tips and interview questions.