Speed, Velocity, Acceleration, Retardation

What is Speed, Velocity, Acceleration, and Retardation in Engineering Mechanics?

Speed
It is the rate of change of displacement with respect to its surrounding. Since the speed of a body is irrespective of its direction, therefore it is a scalar quantity.

Velocity
It is also the rate of change of displacement with respect to its surrounding, in a particular direction. Since the velocity is always expressed in a particular direction, therefore it is a vector quantity.

Acceleration
It is the rate of change of velocity of a body. It is said to be positive; when the velocity of a body increases with time and it is negative when the velocity decreases with time. 

The negative acceleration is also called Retardation.

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