Joule's Law

Joule's Law states, "The change of internal energy of a perfect gas is directly proportional to the change of temperature." Mathematically,



where

m = Mass of the gas, and
c = A constant of proportionality, known as specific heat.

Note: From the Joule's law, we see that whenever a gas expands, without doing any external work and without taking in or giving out heat, its internal energy as well as temperature does not change.

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